The Grand Duchy of Furlanìe

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Furlanìe
Posts: 43
Joined: Sun Nov 22, 2020 6:32 pm
Nickname: Alos
Capital: Grau
Government: Monarchy

The Grand Duchy of Furlanìe

Post by Furlanìe »

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Official full name: The Grand Duchy of Furlanìe - Il Ducât Majôr de Furlanìe
Simple name: Furlanìe
Motto: (Granducal family) "Non semper erit aestas"
National Anthem: the song of the Assiette - le čhančon de Assiette

Capital City: Grau
Other relevant cities: Tergest, Udin
Official Language: Friulian
Languages with no official status: French(?), TBA...
Population: 45,000,001
Demonym: Friulian
Religion: Christian Catholic (Aquileian flavoured)
GDP: $57,735 billion;
GDP/capita: $1,283;
Currency: ₣ Franc
Exchange Rate: ₣1 = $0.86

Government: Monarchy
Head of State: Grand Duke - Duchemajôr, Eurico I de Valdostie
Head of Government: Prime Minister - Confenonîr, Martìn Baldas
Foreign Minister: Pieriluîs Maraveis
Main parties:
Vuaite Natzionâl - National Sentinel (Monarchic - Conservative);
Il Papavar - The Poppy (Constitutionalist - liberal);

Legislature: Cunvigne Natzionâl - National Conference

POLITICAL QUIRKS
Aristocratic Elite - landed nobles retain a strong executive role in local politics, and a wide influence on the national political sphere; furthermore a significant part of the most important companies and industries are owned by noble families. their power is kept under control solely by the Grand Duke.

Non Semper Erit Aestas - the lands of Furlanìe have a long history of conflict and blood going back as far as to the classical era; the general sentiment of distrust towards foreigners, and sometimes even nationals, that grew from this bloody past inspires even today Friulian politicians to expect the worst from every situation. the military readiness and diplomatic versatility have remained a central trait in Friulian policy; and the Grand Dukes have always kept their powers by depicting themselves as the supreme defenders of the realm from outside dangers.

Social Church - the state have always been absent in regards to social policies, redirecting funds to other areas, in the centuries the Patriarchate of Aquileia, the national religious authority loyal to the Catholic Pope, has grown to fit the role of the caregiver; through government subsidies, various revenues and charity, the Patriarchate manages a large net of social support that gives an opportunity to leftovers of society and the people in need.

POLICIES
Economic Policy: quasi-liberal economy, the state doesn't get in the way of companies aside from national security issues, but works to guarantee a level playing field to its industries in international trade. while the vast rural land is divided between small agricultural cooperatives and family-run business, the cities are home to a significant number of large conglomerates and companies focused mainly on the transformation of raw materials, especially into steel, the production of industrial machinery, and shipbuilding.

Voting Rights: vote is open to all citizens from the 20th year of age

Freedom of Speech: limited in public settings

LGBT Policy: not against the law but still a strong taboo, the generally conservative society usually represses LGBT rights without government intervention

Firearm Policy: Ownership is permitted only to soldiers or former conscripts, which become part of a loosely organised "civil defence" force until the age of 40

Immigration Policy: outside strictly time-limited exceptions for tourism and business necessities, entering the nation is difficult if not impossible for the common man
Last edited by Furlanìe on Sat Dec 05, 2020 11:35 am, edited 1 time in total.
User avatar
Furlanìe
Posts: 43
Joined: Sun Nov 22, 2020 6:32 pm
Nickname: Alos
Capital: Grau
Government: Monarchy

Re: The Grand Duchy of Furlanìe

Post by Furlanìe »

History - TBA

1000 BC
Most of the South-Western coast and parts of the Eastern plains and hills of modern Furlanìe are inhabited by Bisian peoples, also known as Ciliri in the south: tribes sharing the same structure for their settlements, called Cilîars, they were square-shaped hill forts.


900-600 BC
The City state of Tergitia (modern Tergest) is founded and expands thanks to the flow of trade passing through it, becoming the main power along the shores of Gosse bay, with proofs of resources coming in from outside the bay, and even from the southern shores of the [...] sea. the original founders of the city are unknown as of now.


400-300 BC
The Cjarnics, a celtic population coming down from the Cjarenes mountains, occupy most of eastern Furlanìe, adopting the Cilîars structure for their cities.

200 BC
Tergitian troops pass through the modern county of Bisie, where they are slowly gaining influence and control, and are attacked by Cjarnics in the vicinity of the Lusins river, the first direct contact between the two main civilisations of the area.


181 BC
The city of Aquileia is founded by the Lusins river to counter the expansionism of the Cjarnics from the East, and expand the influence of Tergitia over the southern Ciliri peoples


143-121 BC
The Cilîar of Grau, located originally on an island, was gaining power over the southern Ciliri with the wealth collected thanks to its pirate actions against the merchant ships coming from and going towards Tergitia.
The Tergitian city-state starts an open war with Grau and its allies in 143 BC. while Tergitia suffered a series of losses by land, its fleet gains the upper hand, that leads to the conquest and complete destruction of ancient Grau, the survivors will be brought to the shores of the continent, right in front of the burning island, and will be settled on a new Tergitian colony, that will become the Grau of today.


118-86 BC
The Cjarnics are definitively pushed back in the mountains after the conquest of their remaining territory around modern Tulmieç and Pordenon in 118 BC.
In 84 BC the Tergitians manage to repel the Cjarnics north, gaining control over a strategic mountain pass that will allow the creation of a direct trade route from Tergitia to modern Pordenon.
in 86 BC a fortified city today known as Glemone is built in the mountain pass.


86 BC - 102
The city state of Tergitia, that since then remained an independent entity from its larger sphere of influence, slowly morphs into a more decentralised republic


190
The final remnants of free Cjarnic peoples, settled in the valley of Valvestre, are subjugated to the Tergitian Republic, starting a process of mutual cultural contamination that will spark the creation of the modern Friulian and Tergestin languages.


212-247
The rich merchant family Cogoi tries to take power over the republic to halt the unending militaristic expansion of the Republic that is slowly eroding Tergitia itself, in favour of a return to the old ways, and restore the city to its roots: peaceful trade and profit.
After a series of assassinations and bribes, the merchant class of Tergitia, weaker than in the past, but still powerful in the city, takes control of the Senate, deposes the ruling Concilium, and declares Martinus Cogoi: Dux of the Republic.
The citizens reach the senate in rage, and burn the building with many senators still inside. Martinus Cogoi and his family, accompanied by some surviving supporters, flee south with most of the Tergitian fleet, and after failing to gain support in Aquileia and Grau, leave behind their ships and form an alliance with the city of Udin in the hinterland, and part of the Ciliri peoples of the eastern plains, except for the North-Eastern people that, with modern day Pordenon, remain neutral, growing independent from the events happening in the rest of Furlanìe.


249-310
The city of Grau, perceiving the weakness of the Tergitian Republic, rises in revolt, managing to unite most of the southern Ciliris. in 301 they fight the Tergitian armies in the battle of Forum-Iulii, a small trading colony in the south, being devoid of any significant naval force to counterattack on a more favourable ground, the Tergitians concede victory to Grau and its allies, that unite under the name of Forum-Iulienses, in mockery of their enemies defeat in the homonym town, which, with time, will be shortened and transform into Friûl.
Subsequently the city of Tergitia is engulfed in a deep internal crisis that isolate it from the rest of Furlanìe.
As the former power holding together the Republic falls, even the hard-fought mountains start to break off, a military leader of Valvestre proclaims itself Dux of the northern valleys, the city of Glemone takes direct control over the mountain pass and the surrounding area, imposing tariffs on any merchant passing through, some small mountain communities take the habit of coming down to raid the hills and plains just to hide back in the mountains, vanishing.


329-333
Gaius Cogoi, son of Martinus, now ruling over the city of Udin as Dux of the rivers, expands his territory south, and ends up battling against the Forum-Iulii coalition.
Grau, governed by Publius Valius Osti, know also as Pubio Valost, legendary military leader that won against Tergitia, and is said to be the founder of the Grand Ducal dinasty of Valdostie, leads the Friulian armies against Udin, defeats Gaius Cogoi and, in the summer of 333, burns alive the whole Cogoi family on the island of Grada, where the old Grau stood, in an event that is called "le seconde flame - the second flame", in a final revenge against the Tergitian people for the destruction of ancient Grau, proclaiming itself Dux Maior of the Forum-iulienses.


338-451
After a series of battles, in 338 the city state of Glemone unifies the Cjarenes mountains, defeating the northern brethren, the victorious general Dariu Iarni becomes Dux of Cjarnie by public proclamation.
Dux Dariu starts an expansionist campaign in the east, conquering the isolated peoples around modern day Pordenon, eventually going south around today Tulmieç, and reaching the shores of the Tôr river, at the doors of Udin and the rest of Friûl.


452-539
before Dariu could expand beyond the river, the German tribe known as the Bardii reaches Pordenon from the north, their fighting techniques and strength in battle takes by surprise the war-torn plains. Pordenon, with his walls still destroyed by the attack of Dux Dariu falls within weeks, and so does Tumieç, Udin burns in 501, the leader of the Bardii, Ulrich, orders his soldiers to amass soil with their helmets and create an artificial hill so he could better see the lands still burning from their attacks, an hill upon which now stands the city's castle.
By 530 the Bardii managed to conquer lands going from Pordenon to the Timâf river, border of the remaining Tergitian Republic, with the exception of the mountains and the territory around Grau proper.
Grau stands strong as the last stronghold of old, Aldebrand, only surviving brother of the heiress Ulrich, current ruler of the vast Duchy of Friaul, finally wins a decisive battle, where he manages to slay the last male heir of the Valost family, and after a long siege, Grau falls.
Entering the Ducal palace of the city, Aldebrand meets the daughter of the last Dux Maior, known as Melie, and decides to marry her and take her family name to appease the remaining fires of resistance in the city, and is proclaimed Dux Major.


540-552
Dux Maior Aldebrand Valdostie dies in 540 leaving his young child, Alfher Valdost, later called Alfrêt Valdostie, to rule over the lands of the Bardii, but none of the Germanic vassals and allies of the dead Aldebrand recognises Alfrêt as the proper heir, starting an internal war that will cool down and end only 12 years later in 552, leaving the germanic peoples divided among themselves with borders quite similar to the modern counties of Furlanìe: the Republic remnants around Tergitia, the Duchy of Bisie governed from the castle of Guriče, the Duchy of Pardenie around Pordenon, the Duchy of Rivêr controlled by Tulmieç, and modern day Friûl, divided in two east and west, with the east further divided between the city of Udin, and Alfrêt in Grau.


553-697
The germanic peoples divide more and more, in citystates and small counties, while Grau grows back its influence over the south and Tergitia, now with a new fleet, tries to rebuild its lost empire expanding with trade colonies along the North-Western coast of the continent.
The inhabitants of Cjarnie remain isolated in the mountains, blocking the passage to any outsider, attacking in quick raids the hills, and dividing themselves in small communities while recognising a supreme authority to the ruler of Glemone.


698-817
The Frankish empire reaches Furlanìe from the North-West, expanding into the plains, eroding the core lands of the republic of Tergitia, the senate of the city decides to capitulate peacefully to the Frankish invaders in exchange for trading and political independence. with the Frankish Catholicism reaches Furlanìe, and quickly gains territory as the Empire expands.
In 726 the Frankish empire controls all the Nort-Western plains and reaches the Iudri river, border of the re-grown Duchy of Grau.
In order to face the Great Duchy with full strength, the Frankish emperor conducts a mountain campaign against the Cjarnic raiders, which ends in 789 with expands the imperial control over most of the mountain range.
in the following years a series of battles are fought between Frankish and Grauês, the final is the battle for Udin, in the Cjare valley in 898, it sees the main army of Grau fight against a large Frankish contingent directed north towards Udin; the Grauês are defeated but the extreme casualties inflicted to the Frankish forces them to retreat beyond the Iudri river, waiting for reinforcements.
By first snow of 812 both Pordenon and Tulmieç, in the East, fall under the Frankish troops coming from the mountains, the empire then focuses back on Grau, band proceeds slowly beyond the Tôr and Iudri rivers


818
Grand Duke Teodori the Pious of Valdostie converts to Catholicism under pressures from the archbishop of Aquilê, sent by the Frankish emperor.


820
the City of Grau, under siege, falls to the Frankish, Teodori Valdostie gives himself as prisoner to the Frankish emperor in exchange for the city to be spared. the city remains intact while its Grand Duke is killed in the central square.


837-966
After the death of the Frankish emperor in 837, his sons divide the empire among themselves, Haribert, third son of the emperor, claims Furlanìe, but in a series of revolts is banished, Furlanìe is once more divided in counties and citystates.


967-1000
Tergitia, by now called Tergest by most historians, expands again its trade network, reaching the coasts Cyrenaica. Grau, once again under Valdostie control, has expanded to its modern day region size and become the grand Duchy of Friûl. Similarly the other modern regions are clearly defined by 1000; while the Cjarnics remain divided in small groups without a central authority.


1000-1500
the Grand Duchy of Friûl expands in the North-East, then in the Cjarenes mountains, and finally takes Guriče in 1480.
Meanwhile the city of Tergest has slowly lost his trade dominion over the seas.


1500-1900



1960
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